Cancer is one of the diseases with millions of casualties on a yearly basis and thus it has become pertinent for one to know the basic treatment methods for this fatal disease. Although the disease cannot be 100% cured, one can still get rid of it if treatment is started at an early stage. There are a lot of procedures involved in the treatment of this disease.

Chemotherapeutic Process

This is the most frequent type of treatment for cancer which uses drugs to kill cancerous cells. The drugs terminate the DNA inside the tumour cells making the cell to die. The drugs are administered on a specific frequency that ensures that over a period of time the maximum cells are destroyed. After chemotherapy, the cells do not die straight away until after a period of time. There is a need to repeat the doses so that the numbers can be reduced. During chemotherapy, drugs are usually administered via injection or IV.

At times pills and creams can also be used.

For the majority of times, chemotherapy is a treatment used as a follow up after surgery might have taken place. Notwithstanding, it can also be used as a beginning treatment for advanced levels of cancer. Despite this type of treatment is very common, it has its side effects like constipation, loss of appetite, fatigue, weight loss, hair loss, anaemia, swelling, bleeding etc. These side effects need to be taken into account before the treatment takes place.


Radiation Therapy: This makes use of high energy radiations that penetrate the body and kill cancerous cells. The radiations are for the most part particular to an unusual cell that is fast reproducing. Thus it not only destroys unusual cells but also stops its growth and spread.

The cell DNA is destroyed, hence they cannot reproduce. The dosages are usually spread across over a time period in little quantities to reduce the radiation therapy effects. In this therapy, the rays are concentrated on the affected areas and unlike chemotherapy; it is not spread all over the body.

Based on the way they are administered, the radiation therapy can be in two forms: External radiation therapy and The internal or Brach therapy. For the external method, radiation is administered using a device situated outside the body. For the internal method, radiations are focused close to the affected area with radioactive substances sent inside the body. Substances such as radioactive iodine are utilized as radioactive materials in instances of internal radiation therapy procedures.

This is also known as biologic therapy or biological response modifier. This cancer cure makes use of the fact that the human immune system can combat the disease and stop it from spreading.

The natural occurrence of substances in our body improves the immune system by giving back to our system. The various therapy modes consist of stimulating the body conditions so that more natural substances can be produced.

Alterations and generation of a natural substance that is given back to the body can also be man-made. Although this deals with natural substances in the body, there are notable side effects because of the body's excess production of the substance. These substances are administered via injection, intra-muscular, intra-venous and under the skin techniques.

Surgical Oncology

In this branch, cancer is managed surgically. Often times when cancerous tumours are removed, they help in preventing the disease from spreading and can provide a treatment for it. In the more up-to-date branch of medicine, cryosurgery methods have been introduced making use of severe cold produced by liquid nitrogen to kill cancer cells. This cryosurgery can be used in various ways internally and externally for treating tumours.

Targeted Therapies
Targeted cancer therapies involve using drugs to deter the development of cancer cells by altering the particular molecules that deals with the tumour growth. They focus more on the cellular and molecular modifications that are related to the cancer cells, thus making it more effective than other outdated methods. This method also minimizes the damage that is done to other regular cells.
This method embraces advanced technology in using the drugs and destroying the development of cancer cells. There is a full swing of medical advancement; there are a lot more targeted therapies which are presently being researched on in medical laboratories. These therapies that are targeted function in an organized manner as they concentrate and impede cell proteins that manage cell, its multiplication and coordination.

Hence, an apoptosis, a process that occurs when there is no indication on how the cells can divide; the cells then perish. From time to time, these drugs tend to boost the immune system, hence making the body discover the cells and kill them promptly.

The aforementioned methods of cancer treatment are merely a tip of the iceberg. Modern medicine has come with plenty introductions of various treatment options that are specific to a particular type of cancer. Some of the various ways of dealing with the disease are treatments like vaccine and proton therapy, photodynamic therapy, hormone and gene therapy. You can also communicate with your doctor about the various available options and the side effects of each of them. Your doctor considering factors like the level of spread of the disease and the size and type of a tumour can choose the best option for you.

Apart from the methods discussed, complementary drugs also serve as a natural treatment for cancer. You can reach out to the qualified and certified practitioner for the obtainable options.
Medicine Direct has a list of some of them. If there are any alternative medications that you stick to, be sure to communicate it with your doctor because of the effects it might have on the disease and your system.